The population of China fell for the first time in six decadesAccording to figures released on Tuesday.
But it is not the only one.
Many countries, especially in Europe and Asia, will see their population decline in the coming decades if the UN’s 2100 projections published last July come true. In others, the population is declining.
The population is already declining
Eight countries with more than 10 million people have experienced population declines over the past decade. Most are Europeans.
In addition to Ukraine, whose population has been drastically reduced due to the Russian invasion, the population is decreasing in Italy, Portugal, Poland, Romania and Greece.
There are many reasons behind these declines, some unique to each country, but they all share low fertility rates, meaning women are having fewer children on average than in the past.
According to the World Bank, fertility rates in these southern and eastern European countries range from 1.2 to 1.6 children per woman. For the population to be stable, the fertility rate must be greater than 2.
This phenomenon is compounded by a large migration exodus in Poland, Romania and Greece, where more people go and live abroad than stay at home.
Outside of Europe, Japan is also experiencing an aging population. This is largely due to a low birth rate of 1.3 children per woman and low immigration.
Japan has lost more than 3 million people between 2011 and 2021.
The same applies to the Middle East. In Syria, millions of refugees have fled to neighboring countries and beyond, and the population has been devastated by more than a decade of war.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) estimates that 606,000 men, women and children have died in the war.
Those who will give up tomorrow
China – currently the world’s most populous country – has worried for years about the impact of its aging population on the economy and society, but the population is not expected to decline for nearly a decade.
China now has fewer people, it was revealed on Tuesday, a trend expected to affect the population for years to come.
China is projected to lose almost half of its population by 2100, from 1.4 billion to 771 million.
Russia, Germany, South Korea, and Spain are poised to join this downward movement, with populations beginning to decline by 2030.
In general, the population of Europe will begin to decrease in this decade.
But there are some exceptions.
While the population of Europe, America and Asia will begin to decline by 2100, the number of people in Africa will continue to grow.
The African continent will increase from 1.4 billion to 3.9 billion people by 2100. Then 38% of the world’s population would live in Africa, today this figure is about 18%.