Editor’s note: Richard “Monty” Montgomery writes the real estate advice column for Creators Syndicate. He is the author of “Real Estate Finance: Insider’s Secrets to Saving Thousands When Buying or Selling a Home.” He promotes industry change and provides unbiased advice to readers.
Dear Monty: We have decided to build a new house. We didn’t see an existing house that we liked. What are the actual steps in construction?
Monty’s Answer: Just assuming a 2,500-square-foot concrete basement, without commenting on cost, expense, schedule or builder variances, here are the exact steps.
1. Find a home. Choose from three sites. Here are some tips on how to choose an architect.
2. Arrange the house to fit the details. Fixing the house first can limit your options.
3. Remove the details and dig up the foundation. Make sure your finish grade will control the water flow out of the house.
4. Pour the feet and the bottom walls. Accuracy here is an important part. The soil must be large enough to support the weight of the building.
5. Insulate the foundation. Insulation reduces energy costs. Connect the drain and sump tiles to the floor. Water is the eternal enemy.
6. Bring in the right soil for your home. A poured foundation or concrete block, depending on the type of soil.
7. Public resources. Sewerage and water plus electricity and gas. Rural areas require a bore well.
8. A wooden frame ties a house to its foundation. The bolts are inserted into the wet concrete after pouring the wall.
9. The basement is a truss system to support the 250-ton weight of the 2,500-square-foot ranch home.
10. The subfloor is a half-inch or three-inch plywood sheathing secured on the truss system and the exterior exterior walls.
11. 2-by-4-inch studs frame the interior walls. Plumbers, electricians and HVAC workers are often critical of working parts according to plans.
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12. The roofing system is waterproof, tar sheets and heavy tar and tar that covers the roof.
13. The outer walls are covered with waterproof paper, then they are finished with bricks, stones or different colors and colors.
14. Windows are built in factories, shipped to the site and installed there by the builder. Windows complete the building’s security.
15. Sweetness is placed between the pillars.
16. Sheetrock is often folded into metal as it provides a strong bond to protect heavy objects forever.
17. Plaster, of several types, covers the paper.
18. Painting is finished when the plaster dries. Now is where the plans and decorations come into play.
19. On the ground floor there is a height of cabinetry, front doors and reductions.
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20. Cabinetry today is built in a factory and delivered before it is finished. There are many options for style and finish.
21. The finished structure is milled and pre-finished in the factories and installed by the carpentry finishers.
22. Lighting fixtures and floor finishes are the final interior work. The installers want their owners to be the first to step on them.
23. Landscaping is often a form of construction. Many changes, especially climate, can affect the planting of grass, shrubs and trees.
PURPOSE OF TRANSFORMATION
Building a home can be fun and rewarding for many. It can also be dangerous for some. Careful planning, time commitment, and strong mentors are essential.
Richard Montgomery is the author of “Real Estate Finance: Insider’s Secrets to Saving Thousands When Buying or Selling a Home.” He promotes industry change and provides unbiased advice to readers. Follow him on Twitter at @dearmonty.